Transsiberian Express: Far East

Organizer: EGEA
Location: (Map)
Date:
Open for: Everyone

Cities

 

Perm is the most Eastern city of Europe, and therefore its province is often referred to as Eurasia. Having a population of 1 million, Perm’ is one of the largest cities in Russia and the second largest in the Urals. The city was formerly called Molotov, after the minister of foreign affairs during Joseph Stalin’s ruling. Perm stretches 65 km along the impressive Kama River – Europe’s 4th largest river by length. The Perm province, “Permskiy Krai”, or “Prikamye”, is around two-third the size of the United Kingdom and covers a great area in the very heart of the Ural Mountains.

Perm is internationally known as the name for the geological period (290 – 245 million years ago) in which the Ural Mountain Range was formed. In contrary to the Urals, Perm itself is rather young. Although the first settlement of Perm dates back to 16th century, officially it got its city status in 1723. Citizens still loudly celebrate Perm’s birthday on 12th of June, with street parades, concerts and fireworks throughout the whole city!

In spite of being a relatively young city, Perm played an important role in the history of Russia. Not the least part of this role was played by Ermak, who was from the Perm Province. Ermak, by order of the Stroganov family, gathered an army here and led it through the Urals, later to succesfully conquer Siberia for Russia. Afterwards, when a road was needed to connect Siberia with the west, construction was started in Perm, which was at that time the capital of the Ural region. The new road, together with the construction of the Trans Siberian Railroad, allowed development of the places east of the Urals – current big cities such as Ekaterinburg, Omsk and Novosibirsk, were merely peasant or miners’ towns by that time.

 

 

Ekaterinburg is the largest and easternmost city on the overland border between Europe and Asia. According to statistics, every hour 78 trains cross the border between parts of the world in Ekaterinburg. The unique geographic location and one the most popular landmarks of the city is only seventeen kilometers from the center of Ekaterinburg.

Ekaterinburg is the most consolidated “million-plus” city in Russia. It is the only Russian city with population over one million people that is so neat and well consolidated. The developed area of the city is stretched only 20 km from north to south and 15 km from east to west. A trip in Ekaterinburg Metro from the first to final stop on North-South line takes only 19 minutes.

In 2002, UNESCO recognized Ekaterinburg as one of the 12 ideal cities of the world.

Ancient Greeks were already familiar with the territory of the Urals where Ekaterinburg is situated. Aeschylus, Plato and Herodotus mentioned in their writings the fantastic wealth of the Ural land, its mysterious power, as well as magical mythological creatures inhabiting it.

 

Irkutsk is an unique old city, the ancient crossroads of trade routes, the capital of Eastern Siberia. Proximity of sacred lake Baikal, the Angara and the Irkut rivers determines the soul of the city and its people: calm, kind, patient and generous.

Irkutsk was founded as a wooden fort in 1661 on the right bank of the Angara, declared a city in 1686 and nominated the center of Irkutsk province in 1764.

Modern Irkutsk is a historical city, which combines magnificence and unique nature of a historical center with blocks of modern buildings, traditions of the most intelligent and educated Siberian city with modern industrial, research and educational potential.

Even today, Irkutsk still remains at crossroads of transportation routes, which bind the West and the East of Russia and connect Russia with China and Mongolia.

Khabarovsk is a major administrative center in the East of our country. The proximity of the sea of Japan and the Russian-Chinese border leave their mark on the culture and economy of the city.

Tourists are attracted by the original culture of the ancient peoples of the Far East, preserved in culinary traditions, souvenirs and folk festivals.  In winter and summer, Khabarovsk hosts thematic exhibitions and festivals that bring together people from different parts of the world. Wild nature lovers can’t resist either — the beautiful northern river and taiga forests are fascinating.

Vladivostok is a port city in the Russian Far East. It is located on a peninsula, washed by the Sea of Japan. Vladivostok is the capital of Primorsky Krai. This contemporary city is changing rapidly: over the last few years, a number of unique constructions and institutions have appeared in Vladivostok, including Russky and Golden Horn bridges, a huge university campus, and the Primorsky Opera Theatre. The city hosts events of an international level.

The Primorsky Scientific Centre of the Far Eastern division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, dozens of institutions of higher education, R&D organizations, the Botanical Garden-Institute, and thelargest and most modern university campus in Russia are all located here.

Vladivostok is 750 km away from Seoul, 1,335 km away from Beijing, and a little over 1,000 km away from Tokyo