1. Sighișoara – Stuck in the past
Founded by the Transylvanian Saxons in the XII century, Sighisoara is still one of the most beautiful and best preserved medieval cities in Europe. “The Pearl of Târnava” welcomes tourists with its fortress situated on a hill and with its crowded houses which are offering a wonderful and very attractive view. From a tourist perspective, Sighisoara attracts by its picturesque location and its medieval appearance which is best preserved in the old town, being declared a historical monument.
Each tower of the fortress was built, maintained and defended by a guild. The most striking tower is the XIV century one, called the Clock Tower. It used to control the main gate and stored the city’s treasures.
Sighisoara wasn’t the biggest, nor the richest of the seven cities of the Transylvanian Saxons, but it has become one of the most popular. A walk along the hilly streets with their original medieval architecture with cobblestone alleys, steep stairs, isolated markets and the well-preserved fortress towers is like a step back in time.
Led by Ovi and Alina.
Brasov is the most famous city in “Bârsa Country”, being first mentioned in 1292 in the Knights’ Diploma. Located in the central part of the county, in the Carpathian Mountains, the city is situated at an altitude of 520-620 m. One can now easily understand why for 12 centuries the Transylvanian Saxons have established their major cities here.
Brasov was at first called Kronstadt. It was one of the most powerful commercial centres. The History Museum, located nowadays in the main square, reveals traces of the past by numerous documents. Other touristic attractions are: the Black Church and the Church of St. Nicholas in Schei, the Bastions, Tâmpa hill, the old fortress and the pedestrian medieval streets in the centre, including “Rope Street”, the tightest street in town.
Led by Mihai.
Sibiu is one of the most important cities in Transylvania, located in the southern part of the homonym county. Sibiu is the most important cultural and economic centre of the central region of Romania. In 2007 it received the title of European Capital of Culture.
The city’s history begins on December 20, 1191, when it was first mentioned under the name Cibinium in an ecclesiastical document. Sibiu was founded by the Transylvanian Saxons during the second half of the twelfth century, on the place of an old Slavic settlement.
Today the city is one of the most visited in Romania because of its very well preserved historic centre. In Sibiu one can find museums full of art collections, anthropology, history, archaeology, history of technology and natural sciences. The most representative tourist attractions are situated in the two central squares, called the “Big Square” and the “Small Square”, the transition between them being made by a pedestrian passage that crosses through the City Hall Tower. Famous sights in these two markets are: House Haller, the Brukenthal Palace, the Blue House, Hermes House, Goldsmiths Stairs Tower, the Museum of the History of Pharmacy and the Bridge of Lies. There are also numerous places of interest scattered across the city.
Led by Alexandra and Claudiu.
4. Trail Bușteni – Sphinx – Babele
Bucegi Natural Park is located in the eastern part of the Southern Carpathians and includes the Bucegi Mountains, with their shape like a horseshoe. Its southern opening is bordered by steeps which are frequently exceeding 1000 m.
The Sphinx of Bucegi Mountains is a megalith located at 2,216 m high. The origin of its name is due to its resemblance to a human head, specifically to the similarities with the Egyptian Sphinx. Its formation is due to wind erosion. It measures 8 meters in height and 12 meters in width.
Led by Andrei.
The Seven Stairs Canyon is a Jurassic limestone gorge carved into western part of the “Piatra Mare Mountains”. The canyon’s length is about 160 meters with a level difference of 58 meters at an altitude of 948 meters. The gorge consists of seven stairs with heights between 2.5 and 15 meters, which give its name and turn into waterfalls when the volume of water is high. The route can be followed using metal stairs and doesn’t require any specialized equipment.
Led by Sebastian and Bogdan.
6. Piatra Mare Peak
The fauna is rich and plentiful. In the forests we can find the Carpathian deer, the Brown bear, wolverines, foxes, wolves and rabbits. At the upper limit of the forest we can find the Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus), bird which was declared a natural monument and the Hazel hen (Tetrao bonasia), which is spread from the mountain basis up close to the subalpine meadows.
Led by Alex and Diana.