About Romania

“Considered by many the most beautiful country in Eastern-Europe, Romania still claims regions that seem bastions of a medieval past long since lost elsewhere.” (Fodor’s Eastern and Central Europe)

Generalities
HDID13Romania is situated in the southeastern part of Central Europe and shares borders with Hungary to the northwest, Serbia to the southwest, Bulgaria to the south, the Black Sea and Ukraine to the southeast and to the north and the Republic of Moldova to the east.
Geographical location of Romania: between latitudes 43°37’07” and 48°15’06” North and longitudes 20°15’44” and 29°41’24” East.
Romania’s territory features splendid mountains, beautiful rolling hills, fertile plains and numerous rivers and lakes. The Carpathian Mountains traverse the center of the country bordered on both sides by foothills and finally the great plains of the outer rim. Forests cover over one quarter of the country and the fauna is one of the richest in Europe including bears, deer, lynx, chamois and wolves.
The legendary Danube River ends its eight-country journey through eight European countries at the Black Sea by forming one of the biggest and most interesting wetlands in the world, the Danube Delta.
About a third of the country consists of the Carpathian Mountains (also known as the Transylvanian Alps). Another third is hills and plateaus, rich with orchards and vineyards. The final third is a
fertile plain, largely devoted to agriculture. The Danube River runs through the country, from northwest to southeast, culminating in the Danube Delta and the Black Sea.

Fast Facts
Official name: Romania600px-Flag_of_Romania.svg
Time zone: GMT + 2
Area: 237,502 sq. km
Flag of Romania: three vertical stripes: red, yellow and blue.
Population: 21,800,000 (2005)
Ethnic groups: Romanian 89%, Hungarian 7.5%, Gypsy 1.9%, German, Other 1.6%
Religions: Christian Orthodox 87%, Roman Catholic 5%, Protestant 5%, Jewish
Official language: Romanian
Climate: temperate, four distinct seasons: pleasant temperatures during spring and fall, hot summers, cold winters
Capital: Bucharest (Bucuresti)
Form of Government: Republic with two legislative bodies: Senate and Chamber of Deputies

Travel formalitiesSpeed_Limit_in_Romania
Most European countries do not need an entry visa to visit Romania (for stays up to 90 – ninety – days). A valid passport is required for all international visitors except for citizens of the countries of the European Union who can enter Romania with their Identity Card. There is no Entry or Departure Tax.
No vaccinations are required/ necessary.
Extensions of stays beyond 90 days can be obtained from the local passport office.
Citizens of other countries should check the visa regulations that apply to them with the nearest Romanian diplomatic office. For more visa information and a list of Romanian diplomatic offices abroad please visit www.mae.ro.
The speed limit in localities is set at 50 km/h. Out of localities, the speed limits for categories A and B (motorcycles and automobiles) are: 130 km/h on motorways, 100 km/h on expressways and E-roads, and 90 km/h on other roads.

Currency exchange
romanianbanknotesRomania’s currency is Leu (plural “Lei”)
Banknote denominations: 1, 5, 10, 50, 100, 200 and 500 lei
Coins: 1, 5, 10 and 50 bani pieces.
1 leu = 100 bani
Foreign currencies may be exchanged at banks or authorized exchange offices (called: “casa de schimb” or “birou de schimb valutar”). International airports and larger hotels also offer currency exchange services.

Exchange rates for foreign currencies, valid on 20 April 2014.
one Euro = 4.43 Lei (4 lei and 43 bani)
one US dollar = 3.18 Lei (3 lei and 18 bani)
one British Pound = 5.38 Lei (5 lei and 38 bani)
Note: Although black market rates may seem good, please remember that it is illegal and you can be easily cheated.

ATM (Bancomat)
ATM machines are available at main banks and at airports and shopping centers. Do not expect to find ATMs in remote areas or villages.

Credit cards
Major credit cards including American Express, MasterCard and Visa are accepted in large hotels, car rental companies and stores in the main cities. However, credit cards are unlikely to prove useful in small towns or away from tourist areas.

Source data: http://www.romaniatourism.com.